'Conversations On Europe' Videoconferences

COVID-19 Response

COVID-19 Response: Learn how the European Studies Center is working under the current operational posture at ucis.pitt.edu/esc/covid.

 

Conversations On Europe connects top experts from around the United States and Europe with diverse perspectives to discuss contemporary issues facing Europe and the Transatlantic relationship. These are interactive and interdisciplinary and can serve as out of the classroom enrichment for a variety of courses.  They also count for the Global Distinction. In addition, thanks to the ESC’s Extra Credit Assist program, tracking your students’ attendance at any of our live Center events is easier than ever.  For more flexibility, individual sessions are recorded and posted on the internet with suggested additional readings and further resources for those interested in learning more. Using both personal and institutional videoconference technology, panelists take questions and interact with audiences at Pitt and at remote sites in the US and Europe. 

All sessions will be held virtually on select Tuesdays from 12-1:30 PM (EST).  A complete library of video resources to enhance transatlantic conversations is also now available.  In addition, you can veiw the full Playlist for Conversations on Europe on the Pitt Global Channel of YouTube. Please note, however, that the supplemental materials are only available by clicking on the topics listed below. Conversations On Europe is free and open to the public
 


This year’s theme is “Challenging Europe,” and each conversation is being organized by an ESC faculty affiliate.
See the SCHEDULE and REGISTER!

 

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

CO-SPONSORS:
Miami-Florida Jean Monnet European Center of Excellence at Florida International University
EU Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champagne
Center for European Studies at the University of Florida
Center for European Studies at the University of Texas – Austin
Center for European and Transatlantic Studies at the Georgia Institute of Technology

We welcome your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series. Please take our survey.

 

The French Election - What is at Stake?

On April 10th, France will hold a presidential election putting ideologies, personalities, and the future of France on the ballot. A run-off will be held on April 24th if no one secures a majority. The last Conversations on Europe for the 2021-22academic year will focus on the ramifications of this election's outcome, how Russia's invasion of Ukraine will impact the election, and how this can shape the next decade not only of France but of Europe as a whole.

PANELISTS:
Jean Beaman
University of California, Santa Barbara

Arthur Goldhammer
Center for European Studies, Harvard University

Philippe Marliere
University College London

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

Reckoning with the Past III Reparations

Colonialism in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries left legacies of violence, displacement, and economic underdevelopment with which European states and countries formerly under European control continue to reckon. How are damages calculated? Will restitution and recompense lead to reconciliation and social justice? Join us for a discussion of the transnational politics and history of reparations.

PANELISTS:
Joshua Kwesi Aikins
Human Rights Activist/Public Scholar

Wes Alcenat
Fordham University

Verene A. Shepherd
Centre for Reparation Research, The University of the West Indies

Claire Greenstein
University of Alabama at Birmingham

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

Decolonizing European Museums

Continuing our series on “Reckonin gwith the Past” in Europe, this month’s installment looks at what it means to decolonize museums, how the issues at stake differ across Western and Eastern Europe, and what barriers exist. How do we measure success? Join our panel of experts, including activists, academics, and curators, in this wide-ranging conversation.

PANELISTS:
Dan Hicks
University of Oxford

Erica Lehrer
Concordia University

Sumaya Kassim
Writer/Independent Researcher

Aline Nyirahumure
KUUMBA

MODERATOR:
Maureen Porter
University of Pittsburgh

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

Decolonizing the Curriculum in Europe

Reckoning with the past in Europe often means reckoning with a legacy of colonialism. In the U.S. and Europe, student demands to remove statues celebrating Civil War generals or colonialists from the campus have been followed by a broader call to systematically decolonize the entire curriculum. But what does this mean? How have European universities responded? And what can European and American institutions learn from each other as we all continue to work to implement Justice, Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in our classrooms and co-curricular programs?

PANELISTS:
Rowena Arshad
University of Edinburgh

Mohammed Bamyeh
University of Pittsburgh

Louie Dean Valencia
Texas State University

Paweł Lewicki
Europa-Universität Viadrina

MODERATOR:
Allyson Delnore
University of Pittsburgh

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

COP26 and the European Green Deal, Europe's Response to Climate Change

The United Nation's much hyped Climate Conference convened representatives from around the globe. In this session, our panel of experts discussed what happened in Glasgow, European leaders' reactions to the conference outcomes, and what role Europe is taking in international efforts to respond to climate change and climate-driven migration.

PANELISTS:
Patrick Bayer
University of Strathclyde

Shanti Gamper-Rabindran
University of Pittsburgh

Katharine Rietig
Newcastle University

Rosemary McCarney
University of Toronto

MODERATOR:
Jae-Jae Spoon
University of Pittsburgh

REFERENCES:

  • Bayer, Patrick and Federica Genovese. 2020. “Beliefs about Climate Action Consequences under Weak Global Institutions: Sectors, Home Bias, and International Embeddedness.” Global Environmental Politics. 20(4):28-50.
  • Bayer, Patrick and Michaël Aklin. 2020. “The European Union Emissions Trading System Reduced CO2 Emissions Despite Low Prices.” Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences 117(16): 8804-8812.
  • Gamper-Rabindran, Shanti. 2018. “The Shale Dilemma: A Global Perspective on Fracking and Shale Development”, editor and contributor, University of Pittsburgh Press.
  • McCarney, Rosemary and Jonathan Kent. 2020. “Forced Displacement and Climate Change: Time for Global Governance.” International Journal. 75(4): 652-661.
  • Rietig K. 2021. “Learning in Governance: Climate Policy Integration in the European Union.” MIT Press.
  • Rietig K. 2021. “Accelerating Low Carbon Transitions via Budgetary Processes? EU Climate Governance in Times of Crisis.” Journal of European Public Policy. 28(7), 1018-1037.
  • Rietig K. 2020. “Multilevel Reinforcing Dynamics: Global Climate Governance and European Renewable Energy Policy.” Public Administration. 99(1), 55-71.

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

An Uneven Recovery? Health Outcomes and Economic Impacts Across Europe

The effects of COVID-19 have been felt unevenly across Europe, a trend which continues into the recovery from the pandemic. In this panel, experts discussed how these inequalities have been felt on an individual level and at the national level in terms of health and educational outcomes and economic impacts.

PANELISTS:
Holly Jarman
University of Michigan

Julia Lynch
University of Pennsylvania

Martin Myant
European Trade Union Institute

Sylke Schnepf
JRC-European Commission

MODERATOR:
Jae-Jae Spoon
University of Pittsburgh

REFERENCES:

  • Bambra C, Lynch J, Smith K. “The Unequal Pandemic: Covid-19 and Health Inequalities.” 2021. Bristol University/Policy Press, 2021. 
  • D’Hombres, B. and Schnepf, S.V. 2021. “International Mobility of Students in Italy and the UK: Does It Pay off and for Whom?” Higher Education. 82, pp. 1173–1194
  • Jarman, Holly. 2017. “Trade Policy Governance: What Health Policymakers and Advocates Need to Know.” Health Policy. 121(11): 1105-1112.
  • Lynch J. 2020. “Regimes of Inequality: The Political Economy of Health and Wealth.” Cambridge University Press.
  • Myant, Martin. 2020. “European Multinational Companies and Trade Unions in Eastern and East-Central Europe.” European Trade Union Institute. pp. 40.
  • Schnepf, S.V. and Colagrossi, M. 2020. “Is unequal uptake of Erasmus mobility really only due to students' choices? The role of selection into universities and fields of study.” Journal of European Social Policy. 30(4):436-451.

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

Free Movement in the Time of COVID: The Economics and Ethics of Digital Vaccine Passports

As Europe seeks to recover from the impacts of COVID-19, European leaders have implemented digital health passes and vaccine passports. These measures have met comparatively little resistance compared to the U.S., but critics warn of ethical and legal concerns, including data privacy. What does free movement mean in the time of COVID? How might we understand differences in public health policy with regards to vaccine mandates and vaccine passports across Europe and how does that compare to the U.S.?

PANELISTS:
Peter Baldwin
University of California Los Angeles

Ana Beduschi
University of Exeter

Sarah Chan
University of Edinburgh

Alex John London
Carnegie Mellon University

MODERATOR:
Jae-Jae Spoon
University of Pittsburgh

REFERENCES:

  • Ada Lovelace Institute. 2021. “Checkpoints for Vaccine Passports.” European Artificial Intelligence Fund.
  • Baldwin, Peter. 2021. “Fighting the First Wave Contagion and the State Democracy and Disease.” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Beduschi, Ana. 2021. “Digital Health Passports for COVID-19: Data Privacy and Human Rights Law.” University of Exeter; UKRI Economic and Social Research Council.
  • Beduschi, Ana. 2021. “COVID-19 Health Status Certificates: Policy Recommendations on Data Privacy and Human Rights.” University of Exeter; UKRI Economic and Social Research Council.
  • Chan, Sarah. 2020. “Imagining Life with “Immunity Passports”: Managing Risk during a Pandemic.” Discover Society, Policy Press, pp. 1-4
  • London AJ (2021) For the Common Good: Philosophical Foundations of Research Ethics. Oxford University Press.

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

Will the Center Hold? What to Expect in the German Federal Election

On the eve of the German Federal Elections, our panel of experts weighed in on the various issues concerning German voters, the legacy of outgoing Chancellor Merkel, the potential impact of this election on the EU and Germany’s relationship with the U.S., and the significance of the Green Party mounting their first ever candidate for the Chancellorship.

PANELISTS:
Kai Arzheimer
University of Mainz

Marcel Lewandowsky
University of Florida

Jae-Jae Spoon
University of Pittsburgh

Jana Puglierin
European Council on Foreign Relations

MODERATOR:
Steve Sokol
American Council on Germany

REFERENCES:

  • Arzheimer K. 2020. “A partial micro-foundation for the ‘two-worlds’ theory of morality policymaking: Evidence from Germany.” Research & Politics.
  • Arzheimer, Kai. 2018. “Conceptual Confusion is not Always a Bad Thing: The Curious Case of European Radical Right Studies.” Demokratie und Entscheidung. Eds. Marker, Karl, Michael Roseneck, Annette Schmitt, and Jürgen Sirsch. Wiesbaden: Springer. 23-40.
  • Lewandowsky, Marcel. 2022. "New parties, populism, and parliamentary polarization. Evidence from plenary debates in the German Bundestag." in: Michael Oswald (ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Populism. Palgrave: Basingstok, pp. 611-627
  • Lewandowsky, Marcel. 2019. "Promoting or Controlling Political Decisions? Citizen Preferences for Direct-Democratic Institutions in Germany." German Politics 29 (2): 180-200
  • Puglierin, Jana and Piotr Buras. 2021. “Beyond Merkelism: What Europeans expect of post-election Germany.” European Council on Foreign Relations.

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

Creating Europe Through Creative Europe

In this final session in our Spring series on “Creating Europe through…” our panel of experts will focus on European-level cultural policy and and its impact on local and global cultural sectors. Taking the European Commission’s Creative Europe program as a starting point, including initiatives such as the ECoC, the conversation will explore intersections of policy-making, cultural diplomacy, cultural trade, tourism, and implications for European identity and solidarity. Audience participation is encouraged.

PANELISTS:

Ivan Šarar
City of Rijeka
2020 European Capital of Culture

-       Rijeka Capital of Culture-- https://rijeka2020.eu/en/

-       Website - https://www.rijeka.hr/en/city-government/city-departments/department-of-culture/

Claske Vos
University of Amsterdam

-       Vos, C. (2019). Constructing the European Cultural Space: A Matter of Eurocentrism? In M. Brolsma, R. de Bruin, & M. Lok (Eds.), Eurocentrism in European History and Memory (pp. 223-243). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvr7f5v5.15

-       Vos, C. (2018). Heritage and Policy. In S. L. López Varela (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences (Vol. 2). Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119188230.saseas0284

Philip Schlesinger
University of Glasgow

-       Schlesinger, Philip.  2017. “The creative economy: invention of a global orthodoxy. “The European Journal of Social Science Research, 30:1, 73-90.

-       Schlesinger, Philip. 2018. “Whither the creative economy? Some reflections on the European case.” CREATE Working Paper 2018/05.

Randall Halle
University of Pittsburgh

-       European Art, Culture, and Politics special issue of EuropeNow (33) 2020 https://www.europenowjournal.org/2020/04/27/introduction-3/

-       The Europeanization of Cinema: Interzones and Imaginative Communities. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2014.

MODERATOR:
Jae-Jae Spoon

University of Pittsburgh

Additonal Resources:

Creative Europe Program-- https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/creative-europe/

 

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.

Creating Europe Through Multilingualism

This session is the third of our semester-long "Creating Europe through..." series highlighting different approaches to constructing a common European identity. Our interdisciplinary panel of experts focus on EU language policies and multilingualism within European institutions.

PANELISTS:

Katerina Strani
Heriot-Watt University

-       Pym, A. (2013). “Translation as an Instrument for Multilingual Democracy.” Critical Multilingualism Studies 1:2 (2013): pp. 78-95 -  Translation as an Instrument for Multilingual Democracy | Critical Multilingualism Studies (arizona.edu)

-       Strani, K. (ed. 2020). Multilingualism and Politics: Revisiting Multilingual Citizenship. London: Palgrave Macmillan Multilingualism and Politics - Revisiting Multilingual Citizenship | Katerina Strani | Palgrave Macmillan

-       Podcast: Much Language Such Talk: Katerina Strani on Language and Identity (includes transcript) Episode 10: Dr. Katerina Strani & Language and Identity - Much Language Such Talk (mlstpodcast.com)

Nils Ringe
University of Wisconsin-Madison

-       Wilson, S., N. Ringe, and J. Van Thimme. Policy Leadership and Reelection in the European Parliament. Journal of European Public Policy, 2016.

-       Hage, F. M., and N. Ringe. Rapporteur-Shadow Rapporteur Networks in the European Parliament: The Strength of Small numbers. European Journal of Political Research.

Michele Gazzola
Ulster University

-       Grin, François, Manuel Célio Conceição, Peter A.  Kraus, László Marácz, Žaneta  Ozolina, Nike K. Pokorn, and Anthony Pym (eds.). 2018. The MIME vademecum: Mobility and inclusion in multilingual Europe, Geneva: MIME Project.

-       Gazzola, Michele (2016) Research for Cult Committee - European Strategy for Multilingualism: Benefits and Costs, PE 573.460. Brussels: European Parliament.

Karen McAuliffe
University of Birmingham

-       McAuliffe, K (2017) “Behind the Scenes at the Court of Justice: A Story of Process and People” in Davies and Nicola (eds) EU Law Stories Cambridge University Press

-       McAuliffe, K (2016) “Hidden Translators: The Invisibility of Translators and the Influence of Lawyer-Linguists on the Case Law of the Court of Justice of the European Union” Language and Law/Linguagem e Direito 3(1) 5-29

-       Visit Dr. McAuliffe’s website for more resources: https://www.karenmcauliffe.com

MODERATOR:
Jae-Jae Spoon
University of Pittsburgh

Additional Resources:

For K-12: 

-       https://edl.ecml.at/Teachers/Teachingmaterials/tabid/3097/language/en-GB/Default.aspx

-       https://www.nationalgeographic.org/activity/the-languages-of-europe/

Multilingualism:

-       https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2019)642207

-       https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0378216610003280

 

The series is intended to present a broad range of views and opinions about topics relevant to Europe. The views expressed are those of the presenters and cannot be taken to represent the views or opinions of the U.S. Government nor the European Union.

We would appreciate your feedback on these videos and the Conversations on Europe series.  Please see our survey at: https://pitt.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0x5l0NHN4btbAQR

For more resources and readings related to this session or any of our past sessions, go to:  https://www.ucis.pitt.edu/esc/events/coe

This video has been funded with the assistance of both the European Commission (through the Erasmus + Programme) and the US Department of Education. The contents of this video are the sole responsibility of the European Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the U.S. government or the European Union.

Co-support provided by the International Foreign Language Education office of the U.S. Department of Education and the European Commission's Erasmus + Programme. Views and opinions expressed are those of the individual panelists and do not reflect the views or opinions of the U.S. Government or the European Union.